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WebSocket API

Information about WebSocket API and how to open connection.

Introduction

WebSocket is the alternate transport to getting data from the server. The process of notification about events occurs from the server to the client through a constantly open connection. This allows you to display changes in real time.

Currently, the Atmosphere Framework used as an application layer library and protocol.

Standard workflow

Let's describe a standard workflow for WebSocket API:

  1. Determine API base URL.
  2. Authorize with user/auth. This API method will return the hash you should use for all your next API calls.
  3. Open WebSocket connection by the path /event/subscription/ with Atmosphere protocol parameters.
  4. Subscribe on events using subscribe action.
  5. Listen and process the incoming events.
  6. Get the current tracker states after subscribe on a state event.
  7. Subscribe and unsubscribe on the events if needed.
  8. Unsubscribe when leaving monitoring page using unsubscribe action.

Note what: * The subscription requests must contain the hash parameter obtained through user/auth action. * Responses and errors for the subscribe and unsubscribe actions are similar with common API format. * All WebSocket frames use a JSON format. Exceptions are heartbeat frames containing "X".

Open connection

In a simplified form, opening the WebSocket using atmosphere-javascript looks like this:

  var subSocket;

  function sendSubsrcibeRequest() {
      console.log('sending subsrcibe action to websocket');
      subSocket.push(JSON.stringify({
          action: 'subscribe',
          hash: 'e4c24xxx4a08e9xxxc337xxxx5ca04e1',
          events: ['state'],
          trackers: [123, 321, 322, 233]
      }));
  }

  var request = {
      url: 'https://api.navixy.com/v2/event/subscription',
      contentType : "application/json",
      logLevel : 'debug',
      transport : 'websocket',
      trackMessageLength : false,
      reconnectInterval: 2000,
      onOpen: function(r) {
          console.log('onOpen', r);
          sendSubsrcibeRequest();
      },
      onReopen: function(r) {
          console.log('onReopen', r);
          sendSubsrcibeRequest();
      },
      onMessage: function (msg) {
          console.log('onMessage', msg);
      },
      onClientTimeout: function(r) {
          console.log('onClientTimeout', r);
      },
      onTransportFailure: function(errorMsg, request) {
          console.log('onTransportFailure', errorMsg);
      },
      onClose: function(r) {
          console.log('onClose', r);
      },
      onError: function(r) {
          console.log('onError', r);
      },
      onReconnect: function(request, response) {
          console.log('onReconnect', response);
      }
  };

  subSocket = atmosphere.subscribe(request);

Executing this code will lead to send a request

wss://domain.com/event/subscription?X-Atmosphere-tracking-id=0&X-Atmosphere-Framework=2.3.6-javascript&X-Atmosphere-Transport=websocket&Content-Type=application/json&X-atmo-protocol=true

and upgrade the connection to the WebSocket. After that, will be sent a first frame through the opened WebSocket channel:

b623a15d-9623-4fd8-a9d3-697036635c29|30000|X|

This is service message for the Atmosphere protocol negotiation. Now everything is ready to subscribe on events.

Common fields

All messages from client side contain field action with action name (e.g. "subscribe" or "unsubscribe").

All messages from server side contain field type with message type ("event", "response" or "error") and data with a payload.


Last update: February 11, 2021